LIST OF ALL TYPES OF DISEASES IN THE WORLD – gk general knowledge for ssc ias pcs si defence and other competitive exams
VIRAL diseases –
AIDS, chicken pox, common cold, german measles, influenza, jaundice, measles, mumps, poliomyelitis, rabies, dengue fever, lassa fever
the common cold and different types of flu
measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, and shingles
herpes and cold sores
Ebola and Hanta fever
HIV, the virus that causes AIDS
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)
dengue fever, Zika, and Epstein-Barr
Chicken pox – It is caused by Varicella-zoster virus.
Small Pox – It is caused by Variola virus.
Common Cold -It is caused by Rhinovirus.
AIDS (Acquired Immunono Deficiency Syndrome) – It is caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
Measles -It is caused by Measles virus.
Mumps -It is caused by Mumps virus.
Rabies – It is caused by Rabies virus (Rhabdoviridae family).
Dengue fever -It is caused by Dengue virus.
Viral encephalitis – It is an inflammation of the brain. It is caused by rabies virus, Herpes simplex, polio virus, measles virus, and JC virus
BACTERIAL DISEASES –
cholera, whooping cough, diptheria, gonorrhoea, leprosy, pneumonia, syphilis, tetanus, typhoid, tuberculosis, plague
List of TOP 10 important bacterial diseases:
- Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Whooping Cough – It is caused by a bacterium called Borde tella pertussis.
Diphtheria – It is caused by Coryne bacterium diphtheriae.
Cholera – It is caused by Vibrio cholerae.
Leprosy – It is caused by Mycobacterium leprae.
Pneumonia- It is caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae.
Tetanus – It is caused by Clostridium tetani.
Typhoid – It is caused by Salmonella typhi.
Tuberculosis – It is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Plague – It is caused by Yersinia pestis.
ringworm, atheletes’ foot, thrush , Mycoses, Mycotoxicoses, Candidiasis ,Actinomycosis ,Aspergillosis ,Otomycosis , Peniciliinosis.
malaria, amoebic dysentery, sleeping sickness, kala-azar
Disease Caused by Protozoans
Malaria- It is spread by Anopheles mosquitoes. The Plasmodium parasite that causes malaria is neither a virus nor a bacteria
Amoebic dysentery -It is caused by Entamoebahistolytica.
Sleeping sickness: -It is caused by Trypanosomabrucei.
Kala azar -It is caused by Leishmaniadonovani
WORMS DISEASES –
filaria, tapeworm, pinworm
Tapeworm: -They are intestinal parasites. It cannot live on its own. It survives within the intestine of an animal including human.
Filariasis: Filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by an infection with roundworms of the Filarioidea type. These are spread by blood-feeding black flies and mosquitoes. This disease belongs to the group of diseases called helminthiase
Pinworm: It is caused by small, thin, white roundworm called Enterobiusvermicularis.
Congenital diseases – An often-inherited medical condition that occurs at or before birth.
Edwards’ syndrome , Down syndrome,Hare lip, club foot, mongolism, spastic paraplegia
Hereditary diseases – An inherited medical condition caused by a DNA abnormality.
Haemophilia, albinism, Thalassemia, Sickle cell anemia, Huntington’s disease
Dietary deficiency diseases
Scurvy, rickets, beri-beri, anaemia
Goitre, diabetes mellitus, acromegaly, dwarfism
graying of hair, baldness, presbyopia, cataract, osteoarthritis, Parkinson’s disease, arteriosclerosis
hay fever, asthma, rheumatoid, arthritis, nettle rash
Pneumococcal disease is an infection caused by the Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) bacterium, also known as pneumococcus. Infection can result in pneumonia, infection of the blood (bacteremia/sepsis), middle-ear infection (otitis media), or bacterial meningitis.
warts, moles, cancer