LIST OF ALL DISEASES हर परीक्षा में पूछी जाती हैं GK general knowledge for all competitive exams




LIST OF ALL TYPES OF DISEASES IN THE WORLD – gk general knowledge for ssc ias pcs si defence and other competitive exams

VIRAL diseases –

AIDS, chicken pox, common cold, german measles, influenza, jaundice, measles, mumps, poliomyelitis, rabies, dengue fever, lassa fever

smallpox

the common cold and different types of flu

measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, and shingles

hepatitis

herpes and cold sores

polio

rabies

Ebola and Hanta fever

HIV, the virus that causes AIDS

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)

dengue fever, Zika, and Epstein-Barr

Chicken pox – It is caused by Varicella-zoster virus.

Small Pox – It is caused by Variola virus.

Common Cold -It is caused by Rhinovirus.

AIDS (Acquired Immunono Deficiency Syndrome) – It is caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).

Measles -It is caused by Measles virus.

Mumps -It is caused by Mumps virus.

Rabies – It is caused by Rabies virus (Rhabdoviridae family).

Dengue fever -It is caused by Dengue virus.

Viral encephalitis – It is an inflammation of the brain. It is caused by rabies virus, Herpes simplex, polio virus, measles virus, and JC virus

 

BACTERIAL DISEASES –

    cholera, whooping cough, diptheria, gonorrhoea, leprosy, pneumonia, syphilis, tetanus, typhoid, tuberculosis, plague

List of TOP 10  important bacterial diseases:

  1. Pulmonary Tuberculosis
  2. Diphtheria
  3. Cholera
  4. Leprosy
  5. Pertussis
  6. Tetanus
  7. Plague
  8. Gonorrhoea
  9. Syphilis
  10. Salmonellosis.

Whooping Cough – It is caused by a bacterium called Borde tella pertussis.

Diphtheria – It is caused by Coryne bacterium diphtheriae.

Cholera – It is caused by Vibrio cholerae.

Leprosy – It is caused by Mycobacterium leprae.

Pneumonia- It is caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae.

Tetanus – It is caused by Clostridium tetani.

Typhoid – It is caused by Salmonella typhi.

Tuberculosis – It is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Plague – It is caused by Yersinia pestis.

 

FUNGAL DISEASES

  ringworm, atheletes’ foot, thrush , Mycoses, Mycotoxicoses, Candidiasis ,Actinomycosis ,Aspergillosis ,Otomycosis , Peniciliinosis.

 

 

PROTOZOAN

 malaria, amoebic dysentery, sleeping sickness, kala-azar

Disease Caused by Protozoans

Malaria- It is spread by Anopheles mosquitoes. The Plasmodium parasite that causes malaria is neither a virus nor a bacteria

Amoebic dysentery -It is caused by Entamoebahistolytica.

Sleeping sickness: -It is caused by Trypanosomabrucei.

Kala azar -It is caused by Leishmaniadonovani

 

 

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WORMS DISEASES –

   filaria, tapeworm, pinworm

Tapeworm: -They are intestinal parasites. It cannot live on its own. It survives within the intestine of an animal including human.

Filariasis: Filariasis is a parasitic disease caused by an infection with roundworms of the Filarioidea type. These are spread by blood-feeding black flies and mosquitoes. This disease belongs to the group of diseases called helminthiase

Pinworm: It is caused by small, thin, white roundworm called Enterobiusvermicularis.

 

Congenital diseases – An often-inherited medical condition that occurs at or before birth.

    Edwards’ syndrome , Down syndrome,Hare lip, club foot, mongolism, spastic paraplegia

 

Hereditary diseases – An inherited medical condition caused by a DNA abnormality.

Haemophilia, albinism, Thalassemia, Sickle cell anemia, Huntington’s disease

 

Dietary deficiency diseases

 Scurvy, rickets, beri-beri, anaemia

 

 

Hormonal diseases

Goitre, diabetes mellitus, acromegaly, dwarfism

 

Degenerative diseases 

graying of hair, baldness, presbyopia, cataract, osteoarthritis, Parkinson’s disease, arteriosclerosis

 

Immunological diseases     

hay fever, asthma, rheumatoid, arthritis, nettle rash

 

Pneumococcal disease is an infection caused by the Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) bacterium, also known as pneumococcus. Infection can result in pneumonia, infection of the blood (bacteremia/sepsis), middle-ear infection (otitis media), or bacterial meningitis.

Neoplastic diseases

warts, moles, cancer

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