• Highlights of Budget 2018-19
  • MSP for all unannounced kharif crops will be one and half times of their production cost like majority

of rabi crops.

  • Institutional Farm Credit raised to 11 lakh crore in 2018-19 from 8.5 lakh crore in 2014-15.
  • 22,000 rural haats to be developed and upgraded into Gramin Agricultural Markets to protect the

interests of 86% small and marginal farmers.

  • Operation Greens launched to address price fluctuations in potato, tomato and onion for benefit of

farmers and consumers.

  • Two New Funds of Rs 10,000 crore announced for Fisheries and Animal Husbandary sectors.
  • Re-structured National Bamboo Mission gets Rs.1290 crore.
  • World’s largest Health Protection Scheme covering over 10 crore poor and vulnerable families

launched with a family limit upto 5 lakh rupees for secondary and tertiary treatment.

  • Deficit pegged at 3.5 %, projected at 3.3 % for 2018-19.
  • Ten prominent sites to be developed as Iconic tourist destinations
  • NITI Aayog to initiate a national programme on Artificial Intelligence(AI)
  • Standard Deduction of Rs. 40,000 in place of present exemption for transport allowance and
  • reimbursement of miscellaneous medical expenses. 2.5 crore salaried employees and pensioners to


Relief to Senior Citizens proposed:-

  • Exemption of interest income on deposits with banks and post offices to be increased from Rs. 10,000

to Rs. 50,000.

  • TDS not required to be deducted under section 194A. Benefit also available for interest from all fixed

deposit schemes and recurring deposit schemes.

Hike in deduction limit for health insurance premium and/ or medical expenditure from Rs. 30,000 to

Rs. 50,000 under section 80D.

  • Increase in deduction limit for medical expenditure for certain critical illness from Rs. 60,000 (in case of senior citizens) and from Rs. 80,000 (in case of very senior citizens) to Rs. 1 lakh for all senior citizens, under section 80DDB.
  • Proposed to extend Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana up to March, 2020. Current investment limit
  • proposed to be increased to Rs. 15 lakh from the existing limit of Rs. 7.5 lakh per senior citizen.



  • More concessions for International Financial Services Centre (IFSC), to promote trade in stock

exchanges located in IFSC.

  • To control cash economy, payments exceeding Rs. 10,000 in cash made by trusts and institutions to

be disallowed and would be subject to tax.

  • Tax on Long Term Capital Gains exceeding Rs. 1 lakh at the rate of 10 percent, without allowing any
  • indexation benefit. However, all gains up to 31st January, 2018 will be grandfathered.
  • Proposal to introduce tax on distributed income by equity oriented mutual funds at the rate of 10


  • Proposal to increase cess on personal income tax and corporation tax to 4 percent from present 3


  • Proposal to roll out E-assessment across the country to almost eliminate person to person contact

leading to greater efficiency and transparency in direct tax collection.

  • Proposed changes in customs duty to promote creation of more jobs in the country and also to

incentivise domestic value addition and Make in India in sectors such as food processing, electronics,

auto components, footwear and furniture.


  • Performance Health Outcomes Index – Prepared by – NITI Aayog in technical collaboration with World Bank and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
  1. Large States: 21

Top Overall Performers: Kerala, Punjab and Tamil Nadu

Most Improved: Jharkhand, Jammu & Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh

  1. Smaller States: 8 (Mizoram, Manipur, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Goa, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura and Nagaland

Top Overall Performers: Mizoram, Manipur and Meghalaya

Most Improved: Manipur, Goa and Meghalaya

  1. Union Territories: 7

Top Overall Performers: Lakshadweep, Chandigarh and Delhi

Most Improved: Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar Islands








  1. 20 जनवरी, 2018 को मध्य प्रदेश के मुख्यमंत्री शिवराज सिंह चौहान ने घोषणा की कि प्रदेश में ‘मुख्यमंत्री जन-धन सुरक्षा योजना जल्द ही लागू की जाएगी। इस योजना के माध्यम से लोगों को सुरक्षित निवेश के लिए प्रेरित किया जाएगा।

साथ ही, चिटफंड कंपनी के मालिकों को खोजकर उनके विरुद्ध कठोर कार्यवाही की जाएगी।



  1. Odisha Government has launched Mukshyamantri Kalakar Sahayata Yojana (MMKSY) to provide financial assistance to the literature and cultural artists of state.

It will provide monthly financial assistance of Rs. 1200 to literature and cultural artists of state. State government has also lowered age in the eligibility criteria as compared to previous artist assistance scheme, under which only 4000 artists were being given Rs 1000 per month

As per new eligibility criteria, male artist can get assistance under after attaining age of 50 years (earlier it was 60 years) and female artist can get it at age of 40 years (earlier it was 50 years).


  1. 8 जनवरी, 2018 को जम्मू और कश्मीर की मुख्यमंत्री महबूबा मुफ्ती ने राज्य के असंगठित क्षेत्र के श्रमिकों को आर्थिक और सामाजिक रूप से सशक्त बनाने हेतु मुहाफिज (संरक्षण) नामक योजना का शुभारंभ किया   इस योजना का उद्देश्य इन श्रमिकों को संस्थागत सामाजिक-आर्थिक सुरक्षा प्रदान करना है।यह योजना मुख्यमंत्री की पहल पर शुरू की गई है।

योजनान्तर्गत जम्मू-कश्मीर भवन और अन्य निर्माण कामगार कल्याण बोर्ड के साथ पंजीकृत भवन और लगभग तीन लाख श्रमिकों को आकस्मिक दुर्घटना, जीवन और विकलांगता बीमा के तहत कवर किया जाएगा।

  1. The Union Ministry of Communications has launched DARPAN (The Digital Advancement of Rural Post Office for A New India) to improve quality of service, add value to services and achieve financial inclusion of un-banked rural population. DARPAN is Information Technology (IT) modernisation project aimed at realising financial inclusion of un-banked rural population. It offers core banking services to the account holders.

The project intends to provide low power technology solution to each branch postmaster (BPM). This will enable each of approximately 1.29 lakhs branch post offices (BOs) to improve service delivery.


  1. पर्यटन मंत्रालय की धरोहर गोद ले योजना के तहत 7 कम्पनियों को चुना गया है जो देश की महत्वपूर्ण 14 इमारतों के रख-रखाव की जिम्मेदारी लेंगे।

27 सितंबर 2017 को विश्व पर्यटन दिवस के मौके पर राष्ट्रपति ने पर्यटन मंत्रालय की “एक धरोहर गोद ले योजना” का शुभारंभ किया था। जिसके तहत निजी, सार्वजनिक क्षेत्र की कंपनियों और कॉरपोरेट जगत के व्‍यक्तियों को स्‍मारक स्‍थलों को गोद लेने और संरक्षण तथा विकास के माध्‍यम से स्‍मारकों और पर्यटन स्‍थलों को स्‍थायी बनाने का दायित्‍व निभाने के लिए आमंत्रित किया था।

इस प्रयास में संस्कृति मंत्रालय एवं भारतीय पुरातत्‍व सर्वेक्षण ने भी पर्यटन मंत्रालय का सहयोग दिया। योजना का उद्येश्य देशभर के स्‍मारकों, धरोहरों और पर्यटन स्‍थलों को विकसित कर पर्यटक अनुकूल बनाने के लिए योजनाबद्ध और चरणबद्ध तरीके से पर्यटन संभावना तथा सांस्‍कृतिक महत्‍व को बढ़ाना है।

 14 महत्वपूर्ण इमारतों की जिम्मेदारी 7 अलग-अलग कम्पनियों को चुना गया है। इन सात कम्पनियों पर जिन इमारतों की जिम्मेदारी होगी उनका विवरण इस प्रकार है..

  • दिल्‍ली स्थित जंतर-मंतर को गोद लेने के लिएएसबीआई फाउंडेशनका चयन किया गया।
  • कोणार्क का सूर्य मंदिर, भुवनेश्‍वर का राजा रानी मंदिर, जयपुर और ओडिशा के रत्‍नागिरी स्‍मारक को गोद लेने के लिएटी के इंटरनेशनल लिमिटेडको चुना गया।
  • कर्नाटक के हम्‍पी, जम्‍मू-कश्‍मीर के लेह पेलेस, दिल्‍ली का कुतुब मीनार, महाराष्‍ट्र की अजंता गुफा को गोद लेने के लिएयात्रा ऑनलाइन प्राइवेट लिमिटेडका चयन किया गया।
  • कोच्चि के मत्‍तानचेरी पेलेस संग्रहालय और दिल्‍ली का सफदरजंग मकबरा गोद लेने के लिएट्रेवल कॉरपोरेशन ऑफ इंडिया लिमिटेडको चुना गया।
  • गंगोत्री मंदिर क्षेत्र और गोमुख तक के मार्ग और जम्‍मू कश्‍मीर के माउंट स्टोककांगरी, लद्दाख को गोद लेने के लिएएडवेन्‍चर टूर ऑपरेटर एसोसिएशन ऑफ इंडियाका चयन किया गया।
  • दिल्‍ली की अग्रसेन की बावड़ी को गोद लेने के लिएस्‍पेशल होलीडेज ट्रेवल प्राइवेट लिमिटेड, का चयनदिल्‍ली के रोटरी क्‍लब के साथ किया गया।
  • दिल्‍ली के पुराने किले को गोद लेने के लिएएनबीसीसीको चुना गया।


  1. Punjab CM launches ‘Mahatma Gandhi Sarbat Vikas Yojana’ for distressed sections of society
  2. aim- to help the distressed sections of the society socially, economically and psychologically.
  3. Captain Amarinder Singh said that, 10.25 lakh farmers of Punjab coming under the debt waiver scheme will receive the benefits by November 2018.



  1. Uttar Pradesh Cabinet approves ‘one district, one product’ scheme

On January 23, 2018, UP  Cabinet approved ‘one district, one product’ scheme to promote products indigenous to every district.

Under this scheme, one product indigenous to every district of Uttar Pradesh would be showcased at the three-day UP Diwas event beginning from January 24, 2018.

The first Uttar Pradesh Diwas –  January 24 2018 – UP was born on January 24, 1950. The then governor general of India passed the United Provinces (alteration of name) Order 1950 renaming the then United Provinces as Uttar Pradesh. It was published in the Uttar Pradesh Gazette (extraordinary) dated 24 January 1950



  1. Himachal Pradesh launches nutrition scheme for HIV-positive children

a state- level nutrition scheme for HIV-positive children, at a campaign conducted by Himachal Pradesh AIDS Control Society on the eve of National Youth Day, in Shimla.

As per this nutrition scheme, nutritional supplement will be provided to boost immunity of more than 400 youth within the age of 18.





  1. Manipur launches health assurance scheme for poor & disabled people – Under this scheme, poor people of Manipur will be provided cashless treatment at government hospitals, health centres and other empanelled selected private hospitals.

All eligible families, identified from the Socio Economic Caste Census (SECC), will be provided Rs.  2 lakh cover for treatment of seven critical identified critical ailments viz. cardiovascular diseases, neurological conditions, kidney ailments, liver ailments, neo-natal diseases, cancer and burns.



  1. Andhra Pradesh Government launched multi-utility vehicle NAIPUNYA RATHAM or World on Wheels to bring technology to remote corners.

As part of it, world on wheels Lab, a 20-seater bus enabled digital facilities and learning lab equipped with smart technology gadgets as well as with e-learning tools like HP Classroom Manager, HP Video Book and HP Life will travel across rural areas of the state.



  1. Ayushman Bharat-National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM). The scheme will integrate two on-going centrally sponsored schemes viz. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) and Senior Citizen Health Insurance Scheme (SCHIS). Key
  • aims to target over 10 crore families belonging to poor and vulnerable population based on Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011 (SECC) database. It will cover of Rs 5 lakh per family per year, taking care of almost all secondary care and tertiary care procedures. There will be no cap on family size and age in the scheme
  • 2018-19 BUDGET -Rs. 1200 Crore allocated for 1.5 Lakh health and wellness Centres



  1. Uttar Pradesh launches Mukhyamantri Awas Yojana Gramin

On January 30, 2018-  a new scheme to construct houses in rural areas.

for those who have not been covered under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna and those who are not beneficiaries of any other government housing schemes.

Rs 1.30 lakh financial aid (for constructing houses) will be given to people residing in Naxal-affected areas of Uttar Pradesh and Rs 1.20 lakh to selected beneficiaries.



  1. Odisha launches Mukshyamantri Kalakar Sahayata Jojana’ (MMKSJ)

artists from across the state will get a monthly assistance of Rs 1200.

Around 50000 artists across Odisha will be benefited from this scheme.

As per the new eligibility criteria, a male artist can avail assistance under the scheme after attaining the age of 50 years (earlier it was 60 years), while the age criteria for female artist has been reduced to 40 years from 50 years earlier.



  1. Nitish Kumar launches schemes worth over Rs 200 crore during Vikas Samiksha Yatra On 13th January 2018 – BIHAR



  1. J&K Government announces ‘Muhafiz’ for workers in unorganized sector

a major welfare initiative for providing institutionalized socio-economic security to workers in the unorganised sector of the state:

  • 3 lakh workers registered with Jammu and Kashmir Building and Other Construction Workers’ Welfare Board (JKBOCWWB), will be provided accidental, life and disability insurance cover. The premium for the same will be borne by JKBOCWWB.
  • The registered workers will also be offered Micro Credit facility with a credit limit of Rs 10000. Counter guarantee for the same will be deposited by the JKBOCWWB with the Jammu & Kashmir (J&K) Bank


  1. NITI Aayog has released comprehensive roadmaps and detailed timelines for its initiative Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital in Education (SATH-E) project to introduce system-wide Governance Transformation in school education.
  • aims at promoting vocational education, skill development, teacher training and introducing technology in classrooms. It will also promote data-driven analysis to strengthen academic monitoring across schools in the country.
  • The roadmaps will operate between 2018 to 2020. They lay out detailed interventions to be taken by three participating states- Jharkand, Madhya Pradesh and Odisha to become ‘Role Model States’ in school education



  1. Union Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers has launched ‘Suvidha’, a 100% Oxo-biodegradable Sanitary Napkin, under Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP).

on the occasion of International Woman’s day

 The affordable Suvidha sanitary napkins will be available for Rs. 2.50 per pad at over 3200 Janaushadhi Kendras across India.

It will ensure ‘Swachhta, Swasthya and Suvidha’ for underprivileged women



  1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will visit Rajasthan’s Jhunjhunu on March 8 to inaugurate the pan-India expansion of the “Beti Bachao Beti Padhao” scheme on the occasion of the International Women’s Day
  • from 161 districts to all 640 districts of the country.
  • The initial focus of BBBP was limited to districts which were either below national average or were worse in their own states in terms of absolute values of Chid Sex Ratio (CSR).
  • As per data available in Health Management Information System (HMIS), there has been improvement in sex ratio at birth (SRB). The SRB which was 918 in 2014-15 has improved to 926 in 2016-17 as per HMIS data. The successful implementation of BBBP programme in states and districts has led government to decide to go Pan-India and expand the programme to all districts.
  • The scheme was launched by Prime Minister in January 2015 at Panipat, Haryana


  1. National Nutrition Mission (NNM) aimed at reducing under-nutrition and low birth-weight and bringing down anaemia among young children, women and adolescent girls.



  1. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved Rs. 1,151 crore Central Sector Scheme for in-situ management of crop residue in Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh and NCT of Delhi. It will promote agricultural mechanization for next two years (2018-20) to provide cost-effective and eco-friendly solution to farmers to deal with problem of stubble burning that result in raising air pollution levels in Delhi and neighbouring states every winter



  1. Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (MoRTH) has launched Sukhad Yatra mobile application and 1033 Toll-free Emergency number for highway users.
  • It also launched scheme for District Driving Training Centres and will provide grant of financial assistance for Road Safety Advocacy and awards for outstanding work in Road Safety.



  1. The Ministry of Human Resource Development has sanctioned Rs. 1000 crore for phase II of Impacting Research Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT) India programme to boost research and innovation in the country.
  • Under the IMPRINT-II, a fund is being created by Department of Science and Technology (DST) and HRD Ministry together, in which participation will come from industry and other interested Ministries. The project will be run as a separate vertical in coordination with DST.
  • IMPRINT India Programme is joint initiative of Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and Indian Institute of Science (IISc). It seeks to develop road map for research to solve major engineering and technology challenges in 10 technology domains relevant for country.


  1. 40 participants of Indian Origin from 9 countries attended 46th edition of Know India Programme (KIP). Madhya Pradesh was partner state of this edition.
  • KIP is initiative (scheme) of Ministry of External Affairs for Persons of Indian Origin (PIO) between the age group of 18 to 30 years. The scheme was launched in 2004 and has so far had 40 editions in which some 1,293 PIO youths have participated.



  1. Street Lighting National Programme: 49 lakh LED street lights installed

(SLNP)  was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in January 2015.

  • It aims to replace 1.34 crore conventional street lights with energy efficient LED lights by March, 2019.
  • It is being implemented by EESL. It is world’s Largest Street Light Replacement Programme. Rajasthan was the first state to adopt this scheme.



  1. Odisha Government has launched ‘Ama Gaon, Ama Vikas’ (Our Village, our development) programme to reach out to people in rural areas and involve themselves in developmental activities.

CM Naveen Patnaik flagged off mobile video vans that will move across the state to highlight various welfare schemes at villages in the state. It will enable people to connect with the government



  1. The Union Ministry of Women and Child Development has approved projects worth Rs 2,919 crore under Nirbhaya Fund for creating eight safe cities. They are Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Hyderabad and Lucknow.



  1. Maharashtra’s first Mega Food Park inaugurated at Satara


  1. Assam Launches ‘Chah Bagichar Dhan Puraskar Mela 2017-18’ Scheme For Tea Garden Workers at Sarbananda Singha auditorium in Tinsukia, Assam.
  • Under this scheme people belonging to tea community who opened bank accounts during demonetisation will be credited Rs 2500 in their accounts.
  • In the demonetisation period, 6,58,250 tea community members opened bank accounts. Assam government will spend Rs. 182 crore for giving financial incentives to all the account holders.




  1. Pradhan Mantri LPG Panchayat launched in Jharkhand

On 25th January 2018, Jharkhand Chief Minister Raghubar Das launched ‘Pradhan Mantri LPG Panchayat’ at Balijore village, in Dumka district of Jharkhand.

  • Jharkhand is the first state in India, where beneficiaries are provided stoves along with gas connections.
  • Rs 300 crore was alloted in the budget for LPG connection and stove distribution. Out of that, 10 lakh beneficiaries have been provided with connections so far.
  • ‘Adivasi Vikas Samiti’ will be formed in tribal populated areas. ‘Gram Vikas Samiti’ will be established in villages having less tribal count with 7 members in small villages and 11 members in bigger villages.



  1. Government announces 4 new schemes to promote young scientists


Teacher Associateship for Research Excellence (TARE) Scheme: – this Scheme will connect the educators to leading public funded institutions like Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Indian Institute of Science (IISc) or national institutions like Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) to pursue research.

  • Under this scheme, educators will be paid Rs 5 lakh yearly, and a monthly out- of-pocket expense of Rs 5000.
  • This amount is in addition to the salary they draw from their existing employer.



 Overseas Visiting Doctoral Fellowship:

Under this scheme, support will be offered to 100 PhD scholars for training at foreign universities/laboratories up to 12 months during their doctoral research.

Such scholars will be given a monthly fellowship equivalent to USD 2000 and a one-time contingency allowance of Rs 60000 to cover travel and visa fee.


 Distinguished Investigator Award:

Under this scheme, 100 fellowships will be offered to principal investigators of Science and Engineering Research Board/Department of Science and Technology projects.

  • 100 researchers selected under this scheme will be given a monthly fellowship of Rs 15000 for three years and an optional research grant, based on peer review of the project proposal submitted by them.



Augmenting Writing Skills for Articulating Research (AWSAR):

This scheme aims to encourage science writing.

  • Under this scheme, 20000 PhD scholars in science will be roped in to popularise and communicate their research outcome.



  1. MEITY launches Cyber Surakshit Bharat Yojna to strengthen cyber security
  • AIM- to spread awareness about cybercrime and to train and prepare Chief Information Security Officers (CISOs) and frontline IT staff of all government departments to effectively deal and neutralize cyber threats.
  • This initiative has been launched in association with National e-Governance Division (NeGD) and leading companies of Information Technology Industry.
  • Microsoft, Intel, Redhat, Wipro and Dimension Data are the founding partners while Organisations such as Cert-In, NIC, CISCO, NASSCOM and the FIDO Alliance, and consultancy firms Deloitte and EY are knowledge partners for this initiative.



  1. Government launches 2nd Swajal Yojana project in Rajasthan
  • Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation has launched second project of Swajal Yojana at village Bhikampura, Karauli, Rajasthan.
  • Under this project, four reservoirs will be constructed in village and common tap connection will be given to almost 300 households.
  • Swajal is community owned drinking water programme for sustained drinking water supply. The scheme aims at ensuring availability of clean drinking water to every household round year and also generate employment.
  • Under it, 90% of the project cost is borne by Government and remaining 10% cost is contributed by the community. The Operations and management of the project will be taken care by the local villagers. Project undertaken under it will ease lives of people and ensure that potable water is available for every individual round the year.


  1. Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources Dhan (GOBAR-DHAN) scheme.

It was first announced by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley during his 2018-19 budget speech.

  • focuses on managing and converting cattle dung and solid waste in farms to useful compost, biogas and bio-CNG. It will also help in keeping the village clean while increasing income of farmers and cattle herders.


  1. Prime Minister launches Amma two-wheeler scheme in Tamil Nadu – every beneficiary will be given 50% of cost of a two-wheeler or grant of Rs. 25,000



  1. Government launches six new user friendly features of e-NAM Platform

e-NAM is one of major and important flagship schemes implemented by Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare.

Its objective is to provide competitive and remunerative price to farmers for their produce through online competitive and transparent bidding process. e-NAM is pan-India e-trading platform. It is designed to create unified national market for agricultural commodities. Its objective is to provide competitive and remunerative price to farmers for their produce through online competitive and transparent bidding process.



  1. The Union Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation has launched Gangotri Swachh Iconic Place project and Swajal, a community owned drinking water programme in Uttarkashi district of Uttarakhand.

These both projects will create cleanliness, provide basic amenities to the people of Ganga bank villages and will also generate employment.

Bagori Ganga Gram’ project – solid and liquid waste management scheme



  1. आने वाली है ये –The Union Government has formulated ambitious water conservation scheme Atal Bhujal Yojana (ABY) to tackle ever-deepening crisis of depleting groundwater level. The Rs 6,000-crore will be piloted under the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation. It is awaiting cabinet’s clearance.
  • The objective of scheme is to recharge ground water and create sufficient water storage for agricultural purposes. It also focuses on revival of surface water bodies so that ground water level can be increased, especially in the rural areas. It will give emphasis to recharging ground water sources and ensure efficient use of water by involving people at local level. The scheme after Cabinet’s clearance will soon be launched in water-stressed states: Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh



  1. haryana government has opened subsidised canteens in four districts under the ‘Antyodaya Aahaar Yojana’ to provide healthy, nutritious and hygienic food at affordable prices to all poor and needy persons



  1. The West Bengal became the first state to opt out of Centre’s National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS) announced in Union Budget 2018-19. According to State Government, it has already made hospitalisation and medical treatment free for its citizens and has already enrolled 50 lakh people under its Swasthya Sathi programme.

NHPS (Ayushman Bharat Scheme) dubbed ‘Modicare’ seeks to provide health insurance of Rs 5 Lakh to 10 crore poor and vulnerable households. Under it, up to Rs 5 lakh insurance cover will be provided to each family per year in secondary and tertiary care institutions.




  1. Prime Minister’s Research Fellows (PMRF) Scheme for doctoral students pursuing research in areas related to technology.
  • It aims to realize importance of innovation and technology for progress and development of the nation.
  • scheme was announced in the Budget Speech 2018-19.
  • It will be implemented for period of seven years beginning 2018-19 at total cost of Rs. 1650 crore.
  • Under it, best students who have completed or are in final year of B. Tech/Integrated M.Tech/M.Sc courses in Science and Technology streams from IISc/IITs/IISERs/ NITs/IIITs will be offered direct admission in PhD programme in IITs/IISc.
  • Maximum of 3000 Fellows would be selected in three year period, beginning 2018-19.
  • Monthly fellowship: Selected students through selection process laid down in PMRF Guidelines will be offered monthly fellowship of Rs.70,000 for first two years, Rs.75,000 for 3rd year and Rs.80,000 in 4th and 5th years. Research grant: Each selected fellow students will be also provided research grant of Rs.2.00 lakh for period of 5 years to cover their foreign travel expenses for presenting research papers in international conferences and seminars.



  1. KUSUM SCHEME The Union Government has announced Rs.1.4 lakh-crore Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahaabhiyan (KUSUM) scheme for promoting solar farming i.e. decentralised solar power production of up to 28,250 MW to help farmers.
  • The Union Budget 2018-19 has allocated Rs. 48,000 crore for the scheme for the ten-year period.
  • Building 10,000 MW solar plants on barren lands
  • Providing sops to DISCOMS to purchase the electricity produced, Solarising existing pumps of 7250 MW as well as government tube wells with a capacity of 8250 MW
  • Distributing 17.5 lakh solar pumps.
  • Government will provide 60% subsidy on solar pumps to farmers. It will be shared between Centre and States while 30% will be provided through bank loans. The balance cost will be borne by farmers.
  • 60% GOV + 30% BANK LOAN + 10% FARMER





National Health Protection Scheme –  National Health Protection Scheme (Ayushman Bharat Scheme) will cover 10 crore poor and vulnerable families. Under it, up to Rs 5 lakh insurance cover will be provided to each family per year in secondary and tertiary care institutions. It will have 50 crore beneficiaries. It will be world’s largest government-funded healthcare programme.


Operation Green –  It will be launched with an allocation of Rs 500 crore on the lines of Operation Flood. It aims to promote farmer producers organisations, processing facilities, agri-logistics and professional management. It also aims to aid farmers and help control and limit erratic fluctuations in the prices of tomatoes, onions and potatoes (TOP). It is essentially price fixation scheme that aims to ensure farmers are given the right price for their produce. The idea behind it is to double the income of farmers by the end of 2022.


Eklavya School – Eklavya schools will be established for scheduled caste (SC) and schedule tribe students by 2022 on the lines of Navodaya schools. They will be model residential schools set up in each Block. It will in areas with more than 50% tribal areas and 20,000 tribal people. These schools will be part of Navodaya Vidyalayas. It will provide training in sports and skill development. It has special facilities for preserving local art and culture.


Revitalising Infrastructure and Systems in Education (RISE) Scheme-  RISE scheme aims to lend low-cost funds to government higher educational institutions. It will be launched with a total investment of Rs. 1 lakh crore in the next four years. It will be financed via restructured higher education financing agency (HEFA), a non-banking financial company.



Prime Minister Fellowship Scheme –  It is aimed at facilitating cutting edge research by provide high fellowship amounts to 1000 B. Tech students to pursue PhD in IITs and IISc. Its purpose is to make to produce better research in India and make its institutions climb up in global rankings.


Kisan Credit Card to Fishermen and Cattle owners –  Kisan Credit Card was extended to fishermen and cattle owners. It will enable them to avail the easier loans. It will help people associated with milk production business in rural areas by providing financial assistance and also to fisheries.


Affordable Housing Fund (AHF) – Affordable Housing Fund (AHF) will be created under National Housing Bank (NHB). It will be funded from priority sector lending shortfall and fully serviced bonds authorised by Central Government. Beyond this, he did not elaborate about the proposed Fund. It will be used to construct one crore households in the rural areas  Pradhanmantri Awas Yojana.


Gobar-Dhan Yojna Gobar-Dhan Yojana – (also known as Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resource Fund scheme) aims to improve lives of the villagers. Under it, solid waste of dung and fields will be changed into compost, biogas and bio-CNG.


National Bamboo Mission  –  Rs. 1,290 crore will be allocated under this scheme to help development of bamboo production as an industry in the country. This will help the people of rural and tribal areas.




  1. Haryana govt launches ‘Bhavantar Bharpayee Yojana’ for vegetable growers
  • from Karnal district.
  • Under this scheme, farmers will be compensated by state government, whenever the market prices of the stipulated produce go below the mentioned prices.
  • Haryana State Government will constitute a separate fund for this purpose.
  • This scheme for compensation will also apply for tomato, onion, potato and cauliflower.









NITI Aayog Vice Chairman, Rajiv Kumar has stated that Central Government should consider setting up a labour utilisation fund in order to handle the challenge of growing redundancy of low-skilled labour in India with increase of automation and advent of artificial intelligence.

The fund should be used for improving skills of workforce and increase its cost competitiveness. This will encourage businesses to hire more such human resource.

This should be done by imparting relevant training. Besides, the fund can also be utilised for paying provident fund contribution and for covering the health costs of low-skilled workforce.




  1. Haryana government scraps Dadupur Nalvi canal scheme


51.  On 24th September 2017, Odisha Government launched ‘Sampurna (Sishu Abond Matru Mrityuhara Purna Nirakaran Abhijan) Yojna’ scheme for pregnant women – Rs.1,000 as transport cost for pregnant women to travel to the hospital from inaccessible areas arranging their own vehicles.



  1. Deen Dayal Upadhayay Vigyan Gram Sankul Pariyojana -On 22nd September 2017, The Minister of Science & Technology, Earth Sciences & Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Dr.Harshvardhan launched ‘Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhayay Vigyan Gram Sankul Pariyojana’ in Uttarakhand.
  • Department of Science and Technology (DST) has planned to adopt a few clusters of villages in Uttarakhand and make them self-sustainable using the tools of Science and Technology.
  • The main idea of this project is to acquire local resources and skill sets and transform them using science and technology. So the value addition is imparted to the local products and services, which would develop the rural community.



  1. Government to launch ‘School Chalo Abhiyan’ scheme to enroll 80 lakh kids

-to enroll students who have dropped out from school.

The scheme aims to enroll 70 to 80 lakh students around the country.


  1. Cabinet approves implementation of the scheme “Dairy Processing & Infrastructure Development Fund”
  • an outlay of Rs10,881 crore during the period from 2017-18 to 2028-29.This fund will give new impetus to the dairy industry and to people relying on it.The project will be implemented by National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) and National Dairy Development Cooperation (NCDC).
  • Building an efficient milk procurement system by setting up of cold storage infrastructure.
  • Installation of electronic milk adulteration testing equipment. Creation/modernization/expansion of processing infrastructure and manufacturing






  1. Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana”

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the renaming of the new Central Sector Scheme – SAMPADA (Scheme for Agro-Marine Processing and Development of Agro- Processing Clusters) .”Pradhan Mantri Kisan Sampada Yojana (PMKSY) “covers for the period of 2016-20 coterminous with the 14th Finance Commission cycle – with an allocation of Rs. 6,000 crore for the period 2016-20 coterminous with the 14th Finance Commission cycle.


  • The objective of PMKSY is to supplement agriculture, modernize processing and decrease Agri-Waste.
  • PM Kisan SAMPADA Yojana is expected to leverage investment of Rs. 31,400 crore for handling of 334 lakh MT agro-produce valued at Rs. 1,04,125 crore, benefiting 20 lakh farmers and generating 5,30,500 direct/indirect employment in the country by the year 2019-20.



  1. Axis Bank to waive 12 EMIs on home loans under Shubh Aarambh scheme

Under the new scheme Shubh Aarambh Home Loans Axis Bank will waive 12 equated monthly installments (EMIs) on regular repayments of loans of up to Rs 30 lakh.




  1. Assam Plans To Introduce Compassionate Family Pension Scheme


  1. Amazon has announced a partnership with the Akshaya Patra Foundation to implement the Karnataka government’s ‘Ksheera Bhagya’ Scheme in Bengaluru on 30th Aug 2017.
  • Under this scheme schoolchildren would be provided a glass of milk each five days a week.
  • The partnership aims to reach out to 170,000 children across 1,300 government schools in the state.



  1. Odisha Government will soon launch “Durgama Anchalare Malaria Nirakaran” (DAMAN), a special programme to prevent the spread of malaria in remote areas of Ganjam district.


  1. Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis launches Namo Yuva Rojgar Kendra

Namo Yuva Rojgar Kendra is an initiative on the part of the state government to provide job opportunities to the unemployed youth in Mumbai.

  • there will be various schemes including farmer’s weekly market, farmer’s mobile market and mother’s tiffin.
  • Under this Yuva Rojgar Kendra, Mumbaikars can get fresh and healthy food, as well as farm, produce procured directly from farmers.
  • These products will be made available with the help of mobile vans all over Mumbai and the information about the location of the vans is made available through an app



  1. Odisha government and social networking giant Facebook has launched ‘SheMeansBusiness’ programme to train women entrepreneurs in the state. It was launched in partnership between Odisha’s MSME (micro, small and medium enterprises) department and Project Mission Shakti.
  • 25, 000 women entrepreneurs and self-help group (SHG) members from the state will be given training on digital marketing skills within by the end of 2018.
  • Facebook will monitor the growth of the MSMEs in Odisha after imparting training to them in next one year.




  1. Punjab launches ‘Apni Gaddi Apni Rozgar’ scheme

The Punjab government has announced the launch of its flagship ‘Apni Gaddi Apna Rozgar’ scheme by flagging off over 100 uber MOTO bikes.

  • Under the scheme the state government will be providing commercial two wheelers and four wheelers to unemployed youth at subsidised rates.


  1. Shala Siddhi Prohatsan Yojana started in 25,000 MP schools

Madhya Pradesh’s school education department is going to start programmes such as ‘Hamari Shala Kaisi Ho’ and ‘Shala Siddhi Karyakram’ in all government schools of the state.

  • AIM- to provide qualitative education to the government school students.
  • The State Education Centre has also started Shala Siddhi Prohatsan Yojana under the programme in 25 thousand schools of the state to encourage best works.


  1. Maharashtra govt approves revised policy of ‘Majhi Kanya Bhagyashree’ scheme



  1. Delhi govt launches Free Surgery Scheme
  • Delhi’s Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal on 8th July, 2017 announced a new health scheme to enable capital’s residents avail free surgery in private hospitals at government’s cost. This would be applicable in case government hospitals were unable to operate within one month.
  • According to the scheme, if the waiting period for 52 surgeries — heart bypass, cataract and kidney stones removal,etc—listed by the government is more than one month, patients would be eligible to get it done at 48 empanelled hospitals.
  • The new scheme is open for all residents of Delhi, irrespective of their income slab. The patient can get the authorization letter from Delhi Arogya Kosh (Health Fund) after submitting residence proof along with OPD slip.



  1. UP govt launches free power connection scheme for BPL families
  • for the BPL card holders in the state on 23rd of July 2017.
  • The scheme has been launched at 624 places across the state.
  • The scheme will also benefit the poor people who do not have BPL cards at present.
  • Those people who do not have BPL cards will have to pay between Rs 80 to Rs 120 for getting the power connection.



  1. Ministry of Rural Development will launch a new sub-scheme under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) which will be named as “Aajeevika

Grameen Express Yojana (AGEY)”.

to provide an alternative source of livelihoods to members of Self Help Groups (SHGs) under DAY-NRLM by facilitating them to operate public transport services in backward rural areas.

  • Community Based Organisation (CBO) will provide interest free loan from its own corpus to Self Help Group member for purchase of the vehicle.



  1. Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana pension scheme with 8 pct fixed rate

a pension scheme exclusively for senior citizens (60 years and above) with 8% fixed rate of interest on their savings.

Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) of India which has been given the sole privilege to operate this scheme started offering the scheme from May 4, 2017. The scheme will remain open till May 3, 2018.

  • It can be purchased offline as well as online through Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) of India. Pension is payable at the end of each period, during the policy term of 10 years, as per the frequency of monthly, quarterly, half-yearly, yearly as chosen by the pensioner at the time of purchase.
  • PMVVY provides an assured return of 8% per annum payable monthly for 10 years.
  • Loan up to 75% of purchase price shall be allowed after 3 policy years to meet the liquidity needs.
  • The scheme also allows for premature exit for the treatment of any critical or terminal illness of self or spouse. On such premature exit, 98% of the purchase price will be refunded.
  • On death of the pensioner during the policy term of 10 years, the purchase price shall be paid to the beneficiary.


  1. Mizoram launches scheme for better treatment of HIV-Hit people

The Mizoram Health Minister Lal Thanzara has launched the ‘Test and Treat Strategy’


  • Corruption Perception Index 2017 – Released by: Transparency International (0 for highly corrupt and 100 for very clean Rankings )

India was ranked 81st among 180 countries in Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2017 released by NGO Transparency International . India has dropped by two ranks from 79th slot in CPI 2016 . Syria, South Sudan and Somalia were ranked as most corrupt countries with scores of 14, 12 and 9, respectively



  • Electoral Bond Scheme 2018
  • The government had notified the Electoral Bond Scheme on 2 January 2018
  • Eligibility for purchase: A person, who is a citizen of India or incorporated or established in India. A person being an individual can buy Electoral Bonds, either singly or jointly with other individuals.
  • Eligibility to receive: Only the Political Parties registered under section 29A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951 (43 of 1951) and which secured not less than one per cent of the votes polled in the last general election to the House of the People or the Legislative Assembly of the State, shall be eligible to receive
  • the Electoral Bonds. The Bond shall be encashed by an eligible political party only through a bank account with the authorized bank.
  • State Bank of India (SBI) has been authorised to issue and encash Electoral Bonds initially at its 4 authorised Branches in Chennai, Kolkata, Mumbai and New Delhi.
  • The first issue of the Scheme will be opened in March 2018 in place of January 2018 for the first quarter of 2018. Accordingly, the first sale of Electoral Bonds will commence from 01st March 2018 for a period of 10 days i.e. up to 10th March 2018.
  • Electoral Bond shall be valid for fifteen days from the date of issue and no payment shall be made to any payee Political Party if the Bond is deposited after expiry of the validity period.
  • SBI to issue second tranche of electoral bonds from April 2-10 – The bonds worth Rs222 crore were issued by SBI during the first tranche which ended on 10 March




  1. World Wetlands Day: 02 February 2018

Designated by: Ramsar Convention Secretariat

Theme: Wetlands for a Sustainable Urban Future

First Observed in: 1997


  1. World Cancer Day: 04 February 2018

Designated by: Union for International Cancer Control (UICC)

Theme: We Can, I Can (for 2016-18)

First Observed in: 2000


  1. International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation: 06 February 2018

Designated by: U.N.O.

First Observed in: 2013


  1. Safer Internet Day: 06 February 2018

Designated by: European Union

Theme: Create, connect and share respect: A better internet starts with you

First Observed in: 2004                                                                    


  1. World Radio Day: 13 February 2018

Designated by: UNESCO

Theme: Radio and Sports

First Observed in: 2013


  1. World Day of Social Justice: 20 February 2018

Designated by: UN General Assembly

Theme: Workers on the Move: The Quest for Social Justice

First Observed in: 2008


  1. International Mother Language Day: 21 February 2018

Designated by: UN General Assembly

Theme: Linguistic Diversity and Multilingualism count for Sustainable Development

First Observed in: 2008



  1. Rare Disease Day: 28 February 2018 (Last day of February)

Designated by: European Organisation for Rare Diseases (EURORDIS)

First Observed in: 2008

  1. Zero Discrimination Day: 01 March 2018

Designated by: UNAIDS

First Observed in: 2014


  1. World Wildlife Day: 03 March 2018

Designated by: United nations General Assembly

Theme: Big Cats: Predators under Threat

First Observed in: 2014


  1. World Hearing Day: 03 March 2018

Designated by: W.H.O.

Theme: Hear the future

First Observed in: 2007


  1. International Women’s Day: 08 March 2018

Designated by: U.N.O.

Theme: The Time is Now: Rural and Urban Activists Transforming Women’s Lives

First Observed by UN in: 1975


  1. World Kidney Day: 08 March 2018

Designated by: International Society of Nephrology (ISN) and the International Federation of Kidney Foundations (IFKF)

Theme: Kidney & Women’s Health: Include, Value, Empower

First Observed in: 2006


  1. World Consumer Rights Day: 15 March 2018

Designated by: Consumers International

Theme: Making Digital Market Places Fairer

First Observed in: 1983


  1. International Day of Happiness: 20 March 2018

Designated by: UN General Assembly

First Observed in: 2013


  1. International Day for Elimination of Racial Discrimination: 21 March 2018

Designated by: UN General Assembly

Theme: Promoting tolerance, inclusion, unity and respect for diversity in the context of combating racial discrimination

First Observed in: 1966


  1. International Day of Forests: 21 March 2018

Designated by: UN General Assembly

Theme: Forests and Sustainable Cities

First Observed in: 2013


  1. World Poetry Day: 21 March 2018

Designated by: UNESCO

First Observed in: 2000


  1. World Down Syndrome Day: 21 March 2018

Designated by: UN General Assembly

Focus: WhatIBringToMyCommunity

First Observed in: 2012


  1. World Water Day: 22 March 2018

Designated by: UN General Assembly

Theme: Nature for Water

First Observed in: 1993


  1. World Tuberculosis Day: 24 March 2018

Designated by: WHO

Theme: Wanted: Leaders for a TB-free world

First Observed in: 1982


  1. International Day for the Right to the Truth concerning Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims: 24 March 2017

Designated by: UN General Assembly

First Observed in: 2011


  1. International Day of Remembrance of Victims of Slavery and Transatlantic Slave Trade: 25 March 2018

Designated by: UN General Assembly

Theme: Remember Slavery: Triumphs and Struggles for Freedom and Equality

First Observed in: 2008


  1. World AIDS Day: 01 December 2017

Designated by: World Health Organisation

Theme: Right to Health

Slogan: Everybody Counts

First Observed in: 1988


  1. International Day of Persons with Disabilities: 03 December 2017

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Transformation towards sustainable and resilient society for all

First Observed in: 1992


  1. International Volunteer Day: 05 December 2017

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Volunteers Act First. Here. Everywhere

First Observed in: 1986


  1. World Soil Day: 05 December 2017

First launched by : International Union of Soil Sciences (2002)

Endorsed by : Food and Agricultural Organisation (Jun 2013)

Accepted by : United Nations General Assembly (Dec 2013)

Theme: Caring for the Planet starts from the Ground


  1. International Civil Aviation Day: 07 December 2017

Established by : International Civil Aviation Organisation (1994)

Adopted by : United Nations General Assembly (1996)

Theme (2015-18): Working Together to Ensure No Country is Left Behind


  1. International Anti Corruption Day: 09 December 2017

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: United against corruption for development, peace and security

First Observed in: 2003


  1. United Nations Human Rights Day: 10 December 2017

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Stand up 4 human rights

First Observed in: 1948


  1. International Mountains Day: 11 December 2017

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Mountain under Pressure: climate, hunger, migration

First Observed in: 2003


  1. International Human Solidarity Day: 20 December 2017

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

First Observed in: 2006



  1. Vigilance Awareness Week: 30 October to 07 November 2016

Theme: My Vision: Corruption Free India



  1. World Tsunami Awareness Day: 05 November 2017

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

First Observed in: 2016


  1. World Science Day for Peace and Development: 10 November

Designated by : UNESCO

Theme: Science for Global Understanding

First Observed in: 2001



  1. World Pneumonia Day: 12 November

Designated by : WHO

First Observed in: 2009



  1. World Diabetes Day: 14 November

Designated by : International Diabetes Federation

Theme: Women and diabetes – Our right to a healthy future

First Observed in: 1991 by IDF, adopted by UN in 2006



  1. International Day for Tolerance: 16 November

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

First observed in : 1995



  1. World Philosophy Day: (3rd Thursday of Nov) 16 November

Designated by : UNESCO

First Observed in: 2002



  1. World Toilet Day: 19 November

Designated by : World Toilet Organisation

Theme: Wastewater

First Observed in: 2001 by World Toilet Organisation and accepted by UN in 2013



  1. Universal Childrens’ Day: 20 November

Designated by : UN General Assembly

Theme: 2017: It’s a #KidsTakeOver

Day established in: 1954



  1. World Television Day: 21 November

Designated by : UN General Assembly

Day established in: 1997



  1. World Fisheries Day: 21 November

Designated by : World Fisheries Forum

Theme in India: 2022 Ka Hai Sapna…Kisan Ki Aay Ho Dugna – Sankalp Se Siddhi

First Observed in: 1997



  1. International Day for Elimination of Violence against Women: 25 November

Designated by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Leave No One Behind: End Violence Against Women and Girls

First Observed in: 2000



  1. National Milk Day: 26 November

Designated by : Indian Dairy Association

Occasion: Birth anniversary of Dr. Verghese Kurien

First Observed in: 2014



  1. International Day of Older Persons: 01 October 2017

Established by : United Nations General Assembly

First Observed in: 1991

Theme: Stepping into the Future: Tapping the Talents, Contributions and Participation of Older Persons in Society



  1. World Habitat Day: 1st Monday of October (02 October 2017)

Designated by: United Nations General Assembly

First observed: 1986

Theme: Housing Policies: Affordable Homes


  1. International Day of Non-Violence: 02 October 2017

Established by : United Nations General Assembly

First Observed in: 2007


  1. World Teacher’s Day: 05 October

Established by : UNESCO

Theme: Teaching in Freedom, Empowering Teachers

First Observed in: 1994


  1. World Post Day: 09 October

Established by : Universal Postal Union

First Observed in: 1969


  1. World Mental Health Day: 10 October

Established by : World Health Organisation

Theme: Mental Health in the Workspace

First Observed in: 1992


  1. International Day of the Girl Child: 11 October

Established by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: EmPOWER Girls: Before, during and after crises

First Observed in: 2012


  1. World Sight Day: 12 October (2nd Thursday of October)

Established by : International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness

Theme: Make Vision Count

First Observed in: 2000


  1. International Day of Disaster Reduction: 13 October

Established by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Reducing the number of affected people by disasters by 2030

First Observed in: 2010


  1. International Day of Rural Women: 15 October

Established by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Challenges and opportunities in climate-resilient agriculture for gender equality and the

empowerment of rural women and girls

First Observed in: 2008


  1. World Food Day: 16 October

Established by : Food and Agricultural Organisation

Theme: Change the future of migration. Invest in food security and rural development.

First Observed in: 1980


  1. International Day for Eradication of Poverty: 17 October

Established by : United Nations General Assembly

Theme: Answering the Call of October 17 to end poverty: A path toward peaceful and inclusive societies

First Observed in: 1993


  1. World Development Information Day: 24 October

Established by : United Nations General Assembly

First Observed in: 1972


  1. United Nations Day: 24 October

The day marks the coming into effect of the UN Charter (the founding document of UNO) in 1945.

UN Day Concert in the General Assembly Hall, featuring the Slovak National Folklore Ballet, Lúčnica. The theme of this year’s concert was “Potential in Diversity” and was sponsored by the Permanent Mission of the Slovak Republic to the United Nations.


  1. World Day for Audiovisual Heritage: 27 October

Established by : UNESCO

Theme: Discover, Remember and Share

First Observed in: 2005



  1. World Cities Day: 31 October

Established by : UN General Assembly

Theme: Innovative Governance, Open Cities

First Observed in: 2014