Chera Kingdom

Important Facts

  • Satyaputra and Keralaputra were mentioned in Rock edict II and Girnar inscription
  • Cheras are referred as Kedalaputho in the Ashoka’s edicts
  • Cheras used Bow and arrow in their flags

Geographical Extent

  • Parts of Tamil Nadu and Kerala
  • location of the Chera capital is generally assumed to be at modern Karur
  • controlled two harbour towns
  • Tondi
  • Muciri

Chera Trade

  • Traded with West Asia, Greece and Rome
  • Bulk spices, ivory, timber, pearls and gems were exported
  • After the 2nd century AD, the Cheras’ power decayed rapidly with the decline of trade with the Romans
  • Romans brought vast amounts of gold in exchange for prepper

Geographical Advantages

  • Abundance of exotic spices
  • navigable rivers connecting western Ghats with Arabian sea
  • favourable Monsoon winds carried sailing ships directly from the Arabian coast to Chera kingdom

Early Cheras

  • Uthiyan Cheralathan
  • first of the known rulers of the Chera dynasty
  • His capital was at Kuzhumur
  • contemporary of the Chola ruler Karikala chola
  • Nedum Cheralathan
  • consolidated the Chera kingdom
  • literature and art flourished during his period
  • Sangam literature describes about a number of Chera kings, princes and Court poets
  • Senguttuvan
  • also called as Vel Kelu Kuttuvan
  • Son and successor of Nedum Cheralathan
  • defeated the Kongu people and a warrior called Magur Mannan

Later Cheras

  • formely known as Kulasekharas were the nominal rulers of the Chera kingdom
  • Capital was at Mahodayapuram near the present day Kodungallor, Kerala
  • Kulasekhara Alwar
  • founder of second chera dynasty
  • wrote perumai Thirumozhi
  • Became a vaishnavite and renounced his crown
  • Rama Varma Kulashekara
  • Last Kulashekara ruler

fought with Kulothunga Cholan