VIII. EMERGENCY PROVISIONS
1. Emergency Provisions were borrowed from the Constitution of ——- Germany
2. Emergency Provisions under Indian Constitution describes the nature of Indian Polity as —– Unitary
3. Which Article under the Constitution authorizes the President to proclaim an emergency? —– 352
4. Emergency Provisions are enshrined under _____ Part of the Constitution. —— XVIII

5. According to the Article 355, it is the duty of the Union to protect States against —— External Aggression, Constitutional Breakdown, Internal Disturbance
6. The Indian Constitution is designed to work as a Unitary Government during the time of —– Emergency
7. When the National Emergency is declared, the following Article is suspended? —— 14
8. While Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, the President cannot suspend certain Fundamental Rights. They are —— 20 and 21
9. The final authority to make a Proclamation of Emergency rests with (OR) _____ is empowered to declare an Emergency. ——- President
10. President can proclaim an Emergency with the recommendation of the ——– Union Cabinet
11. President can proclaim emergency on the recommendation of the Union Cabinet. Such recommendation shall be ———– Written recommendation
12. How many types of emergencies are envisaged by the Constitution?——- 3
13. Breakdown of Constitutional Machinery in a State is popularly known as ——- President’s Rule

14. President’s Rule can be imposed on the States ———- on failure of the constitutional machinery in a State
15. President’s Rule at the Center is possible ——— during National Emergency
16. The President can declare National Emergency ———– On the recommendation of the Council of Ministers
17. Proclamation of National Emergency ceases to operate unless approved by the Parliament within (OR) Once the National Emergency is proclaimed, it should be approved by the Parliament within (OR) Proclamation issued under Article 352 shall be laid before the Parliament within ——– one month
18. Proclamation issued has been approved by the Parliament will be in force for a period of —— 6 months
19. When the Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, Parliament has power to make laws for the whole or any part of the territory of India under ————– List II
20. When the Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, the Parliament has special powers to legislate under ———— State List
21. The President can declare National Emergency —— Due to threat arising on account of foreign attack or armed rebellion

22. President can proclaim an emergency on the ground of ——- External Aggression, War , Armed Rebellion
23. How many times has a National Emergency been declared so far by the President? —— Thrice
24. The President can declare Constitutional Emergency in a State —— If he is satisfied that a situation has arisen in which the State Government cannot be carried out on in accordance with the Constitution
25. Which type of emergency has been declared the maximum number of times? ——– Constitutional Emergency
26. Which one of the following types of emergency has not yet declared, till now? ——— Financial Emergency
27. A National Emergency can remain in operation with the approval of Parliament for a ——- Indefinite period
28. This is not a ground to declare National Emergency. ———- serious internal disturbance
29. To declare National Emergency, a decision must be taken by the ———- Cabinet
30. Financial Emergency can be proclaimed under the Article ____. ———— 360
31. Who is empowered to proclaim the Financial Emergency? ——— President

32. Financial Emergency can be proclaimed on the ground of ——- Any part of the Indian Territory is threatened, Financial stability, Credit of India
33. The President can declare Financial Emergency ——— If there is a threat to the financial stability or credit of India
34. During a Financial Emergency, the President ——— (i) Order the reduction of salaries of Supreme Court and High Court Judges, (ii) Order the reduction of salaries and allowances of all Central and State Civil Servants, (iii) Ask all States to reserve all the Money or Financial Bills passed by the State Legislature for his consideration
35. When the Financial Emergency is under operation, the Union is empowered to ——– Reduce the salaries of its employees
36. The three types of Proclamation of Emergency made by the President have to be placed before each House of Parliament for its approval within ———- One month in case of National Emergency and within two months due to breakdown of constitutional machinery and Financial Emergency
37. Which one of the following emergencies can be declared by the President only on the receipt in writing of the decision of the Union Cabinet ————- Emergency due to war, external aggression or armed rebellion

38. When a Financial Emergency is proclaimed ———- Salaries and allowances of any class of employees may be reduced
39. If State fails to comply with the directives of the Central Government, the President can ——— declare breakdown of the constitutional machinery in the State and assume responsibility for its governance
40. This is not a ground to declare State Emergency ———- No clear majority
41. When a State Emergency is declared, all or any of the functions of the State Government are assumed by the ———– President
42. President made a Proclamation of Emergency on grounds of internal disturbances for first time in ——- 1975
43. When the State Emergency is in operation, the President can’t interfere in the matters of ——– State Judiciary
44. Who has the duty to protect States against external aggression and internal disturbance? ——— Union Government
45. For first time, the President make a Proclamation of Emergency under the Article 352 in ——- 1962

IX. ELECTORAL PROCESS
1. The Electoral System of India is largely based on the pattern of ——- Britain

2. The details regarding the Electoral System of India ——— were provided by the Parliament through a number of laws
3. Who has the power to make necessary provisions with respect to elections? ———– Parliament
4. Who is competent to declare the elections to the Lok Sabha? ———– President
5. What is the outstanding feature(s) of the Electoral System of India? ——- (i) Political parties are an indispensable part of the process, (ii) Based on Universal Adult Franchise, & (iii) Provides a single electoral body
6. Elections to Lok Sabha and Legislative Assembly in India are conducted on the basis of ——- Adult Franchise
7. What is the system used to elect the President of India? ——— Proportional Representation
8. Who is authorized to determine the territorial constituencies after each Census? ———– Parliament
9. Which of the following provisions kept democracy alive in India? ———- Electoral provisions
10. Chief Minister of a State is not eligible to vote in the Presidential Election if he is ———— Member of the Legislative Council of the State Legislature

11. Voting age of citizens is changed from 21 to 18 years by ____ Constitutional Amendment Act. —— 61st
12. 61st Constitutional Amendment reduced the voting age from ——— 21 to 18
13. Citizen of India have the right to cast his vote after attaining the age of _____ years. ——— 18
14. Elections in India are held on the basis of —— ——- Singlemember constituencies
15. The Chief Election Commissioner ———– Appointed by the President
16. The Chief Election Commissioner holds Office ————- for a fixed term of five years
17. The number of Members in Election Commission including the Chairman is —————— 3
18. Which Article under the Constitution gives power to Election Commission to conduct elections? ———- 324
19. The control and preparation of electoral rolls for Parliament and State Legislature vest with the ——– Election Commission
20. Election to Local Self Government shall be conducted by ——– State Election Commission

21. Who will conduct the elections to posts of President and Vice President? ————- Election Commission
22. Election Commission does not conduct election to ————— Speaker of Lok Sabha
23. Who has been made responsible for free and fair elections in the country? ———- Chief Election Commissioner
24. Elections to Lok Sabha shall be held after every ———- Five years
25. For election to Lok Sabha, nomination papers can be filed by ———— Any citizen whose name appears in the electoral roll
26. The party system in India can be described as ————- Multi-party
27. Which one of the following is a feature of the party system in India? ————– There is a close resemblance in the policies and programmes of various political
28. In India, the citizens have been given the right to vote on the basis of ————- age
29. Which categories of persons are not entitled to exercise vote through postal ballot? ————- Indian nationals settled abroad

30. Which body gives recognition to political parties? —————- Election Commission
31. Main consideration which prompted government to convert Election Commission into a multi-member body was ———– To check the unbridled powers of the Chief Election Commissioner
32. Who accords recognition to various political parties as national or regional parties? ———– Election Commission
33. To be recognized as a national party, a party must secure at least ———– 4% of the valid votes in four or more States
34. To be recognized as a regional party, a party must secure at least ————- 4% of the valid votes in State
35. Which one of the following statements about the Election Commission is correct? ———– The Members of the Election Commission have equal powers with the Chief Election Commissioner
36. Which of the following is not the function of the Election Commission? ———– Selecting candidates for contesting elections
37. This is not the function of the Election Commission. ———- Ascertain the suitability of candidates

38. Election disputes shall be decided by the —————— Election Commission
39. In terms of Election laws in India, electioneering ceases in a constituency at least ____hours before the commencement of the polling. ———– 48
40. The Election Commission does not conduct election to the ————– Post of Prime Minister
41. The Election Commission has no power to conduct election to the ———- Speaker of Lok Sabha
42. The Election Commission is responsible for the conduct of elections to ——- (i) Parliament, (ii) Offices of President and Vice President & (iii) State Legislatures
43. The Election Commission of India enjoys —————– Constitutional basis
44. The Election Commission generally consists of the Chief Election Commissioner and such other Commissioners as ————- determined by the President from time to time
45. Chief Election Commissioner can be removed from Office before the expiry of the term by the ———– President on the recommendation of the Parliament
46. Chief Election Commissioner shall be removed by the ———— Parliament

47. Who of the following has voting rights? ————- Adult resident citizen of a State
48. Who is responsible for keeping the voters’ list up-to-date at all times? ———— Election Commission
49. The first general elections were held in India in (OR) When did first General Elections was held? —————– 1951-52
50. Which of the following General Elections of India was spread over for 100 days? ———— First
51. Which of the following features of the Electoral System of India ? ——— (i) It is based on Universal Adult Franchise, (ii) Political parties are an indispensable part of the electoral process & (iii) It provides a single electoral body
52. The term ‘Fourth Estate’ refers to —————- Press
53. The chief merit of proportional representation is ———– representation to all parties in the legislature according to their strength
54. In India, the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote is used in the election of the ————– President
55. Regional Election Commissioners may be appointed by the ————– President

56. Regional Election Commissioners may be appointed by the President with the consultation of ——————- Election Commission
57. Other Election Commissioner or Regional Election Commissioners shall be removed on the recommendation of the —————— Chief Election Commissioner
58. Which of the following Lok Sabha was dissolved before the expiry of its nominal term and fresh elections held before the due date? ——————- Fourth
59. The Parliamentary elections of 1999, which have been described as the longest elections of India, were spread over _______ weeks. ——————– four
60. Which one of the following regional party emerged as the largest opposition party in the Lok Sabha elections held in December, 1984? —————– Telugu Desam Party
61. Consider the following tasks: (i) Supervision, direction and conduction of elections, (ii) Preparation of electoral rolls, (iii) Proclaiming final verdict in the case of electoral irregularities
62. What is the ground on which the Chief Election Commissioner of India can be removed from his Office? —————– Incapacity
63. Elections to the Lok Sabha and Legislatives Assemblies in India are held on the basis of ———- Adult Franchise