V. UNION / CENTRAL GOVERNMENT

301. A Money Bill passed by the Lok Sabha can be delayed by the Rajya Sabha for a maximum period of —14 days
302. Which of the following sets of Bills is presented to the Parliament along with Budget? —– Finance Bill and Appropriation Bill
303. Salary of which one of the Officials is not charged on the Consolidated Fund of India? —- Prime Minister
304. A Minister must be a Member of —– Parliament
305. The Prime Minister acts as a channel of communication between ——- Ministry and President
306. Cabinet Ministers has to tender its resignation if a noconfidence vote is passed against it by —- Lok Sabha
307. In which system, the government can be removed by way of ‘No Confidence Motion’? —– Parliamentary
308. Who will determine the rank of different Ministers in Union and State Council of Ministers? —— Prime Minister and Chief Minister
309. Which of the following powers is exclusively vested in the Rajya Sabha? —– To recommend the creation of new All India Services
310. The Rajya Sabha can be dissolved before expiry of its term by the ———



311. Who is the first woman film star nominated or elected to Rajya Sabha? —– Nargis Dutt
312. No taxes can be levied or expenditure incurred without the approval of the —– Parliament
313. Who decides disputes regarding the disqualification of MPs? —— The President in consultation with Election Commission
314. Election to the Lok Sabha could not be held in Punjab in December 1984 due to —– Uncertainties created by growing terrorist activities
315. Who decides whether a Bill is a Money Bill or not? (OR) If any question arises whether a Bill is Money Bill or not, the decision of the _____ is final. —– Speaker
316. All Money Bills can be introduced —– in Lok Sabha only
317. Who is the first Speaker of the Lok Sabha who died in Office? —– G.M.C. Balayogi
318. Who presides over the Lok Sabha if neither the Speaker nor the Deputy Speaker is available? —– A Member appointed by President
319. If there is a disagreement between the two Houses of the Parliament on any particular Bill —- A Joint sitting of the two Houses of Parliament is convened



320. In the Indian Constitution, the Budget is referred as ——- Annual Financial Statement
321. During the discussions in Parliament, ‘Guillotine’ applies to —— Demands for Grants
322. Which Assembly is presided over by a non-member? —— Rajya Sabha
323. The Chairman of the Rajya Sabha has —– a vote only in case of tie
324. The Secretary General of the Lok Sabha, who is the Chief of the Lok Sabha Secretariat, is appointed by ——– Speaker
325. The Parliament of India cannot be regarded as a sovereign body because —– (i) of the presence of certain fundamental rights of the citizens, (ii) its authority is confined to jurisdiction earmarked by the Constitution & (iii) laws passed by Parliament can be declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court
326. The Parliament of India exercises control over administration —- through Parliamentary Committees
327. The speech made by a MP on the floor of House——cannot be questioned in any Court of Law
328. The Parliament works through numerous committees, whose members are —– Either appointed by the Speaker or elected by the House



329. This is not the function of Lok Sabha. —— Judicial
330. The Speaker of the Lok Sabha makes use of his / her casting vote only —– in case of tie i.e. when votes are equally divided
331. Lok Sabha Secretariat works under the direct supervision of the —- Speaker
332. Lok Sabha passes vote on account to —- meet the expenditure during the period between the introduction of budget and its passage
333. Which State sends the maximum number of representatives to the Rajya Sabha? —– Uttar Pradesh
334. A half an hour discussion can be raised in the House after giving notice to the —— Secretary General of the House
335. A MP enjoys immunity from prosecution for having said anything —— in the Parliament and its Committees
336. The final decision whether a MP of Lok Sabha has incurred disqualification under the Defection Law rests with the —- Speaker
337. The Parliament or State Legislature can declare a seat vacant if a member absents himself without permission from the sessions for _____ days. —– 60



338. Who presides over the Lok Sabha if neither Speaker nor Deputy Speaker is available? —— a member of the panel of Chairmen announced by Speaker
339. The function of the Pro-Temp Speaker is to —— swear-in members and hold charge till a regular Speaker is elected
340. Which one of the following are the Financial Committees of Parliament of India?—– 1. Public Accounts Committee, 2. Estimate Committee & 3. Committee on Public Undertakings
341. The Public Accounts Committee submits its report to the —– Speaker
342. The Comptroller and Auditor General acts as friend, philosopher and guide of ——– Public Accounts Committee
343. Which one of the following motions is related with the Union Budget? —– Cut Motion
344. Which of the following Committees of Parliament is concerned with the regularity and economy of expenditure? ——- Public Accounts Committee
345. Who of the following is considered the Custodian of the Parliament? —– Speaker
346. A member, after being elected as Speaker of Lok Sabha, generally —— cuts-off his connection with his party



347. Which one of the following is the correct definition of the term ‘Whip’?——- State in which all the members of the political party are required to be present in the Parliament and vote according to the instructions of the party
348. Who among the following may belong to Rajya Sabha but can speak in both the Houses? ——– Ministers who are MPs of Rajya Sabha
349. Which one of the following statements regarding the Office of the Speaker is correct? —— if he intends to resign, the letter of his resignation is to be addressed to the Deputy Speaker
350. Which of the following statement is correct? —— the term of the Lok Sabha can be extended by one year at a time
351. Which one of the following Lok Sabha enjoyed a term of more than five years? ——- 5th
352. The differences between the two Houses of Parliament are resolved through (OR) Disagreement between the two Houses of the Indian Parliament is finally resolved by which of the following processes? —– a joint session of the two Houses
353. The quorum or minimum number of members required to hold the meeting of either House of Parliament is —– onetenth



354. Which of the following States sends the largest number of MPs to Lok Sabha after Uttar Pradesh? —– Maharashtra
355. Which of the following statements is not correct? —— In the event of the dissolution of the Lok Sabha, any Bill pending in the Rajya Sabha, but not passed by the Lok Sabha, lapses
356. Under the new Committee system launched in April 1993, out of the 17 Standing Committees —– 6 are constituted by the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha and 11 by the Speaker of the Lok Sabha
357. The term ‘closure’ in Parliamentary terminology —– stoppage of debate on a motion
358. ‘No Confidence’ motion against Council of Ministers can be introduced in the —– Lok Sabha
359. The Supreme Court of India consists of a Chief Justice and _____ Judges. —- 30
360. Who is the first Chief Justice of India? —– Harlal J. Kania
361. The following factor does not help to maintain independence of judiciary —— highly attractive retirement benefits
362. The Principles of Natural Justice do not require —— follow instructions strictly by superior officer



363. The Supreme Court of India was set up —– By the Constitution
364. Which is the highest Court of appeal in India? —– Supreme Court
365. Who interprets the Indian Constitution? —– Supreme Court
366. Which Article provides that laws laid down by Supreme Court is binding on all courts in India? — 141
367. Which Article empowers the Supreme Court to review its own judgment? —–137
368. The Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the —– President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India
369. The Judges of the Supreme Court hold Office till they attain the age (in years) of —– 65
370. One of the qualifications to become the Judge of the Supreme Court is —– In the opinion of the President, he must be a distinguished Jurist
371. The Supreme Court holds its meetings at New Delhi, but it can meet elsewhere —— With the approval of the President
372. For criminal misconduct, the Judge of the Supreme Court —- can be prosecuted



373. The Judges of Supreme Court, after retirement, are not permitted to carry on practice before——-
374. In the event of non-availability of Chief Justice of India, an Acting Chief Justice can be appointed by the —- President
375. The Judges of the Supreme Court —– can be removed by the President on the recommendation of the Parliament
376. The Judges of the Supreme Court can be removed on the ground of proved misbehavior by the _____ if the Parliament passes a resolution with two-third majority present and voting. —– President
377. The Supreme Court of India is a court of record which implies that —- (i) All its decisions have evidentiary value and cannot be questioned in any court & (ii) It has power to punish for its contempt
378. The Supreme Court tenders advice to the President on a matter of law or fact —— only if he seeks such advice
379. The advice of the Supreme Court is —— not binding on the President
380. All cases involving an interpretation of the Constitution fall within the ——– Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
381. Power of the Supreme Court to decide disputes between the Center and States fall under its ——-Original Jurisdiction



382. Original Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India relates to —– Disputes between Union and States
383. The Supreme Court has Original Jurisdiction in —— All Inter-State disputes
384. Under the Advisory Jurisdiction, the Supreme Court gives it’s opinion to the —— President
385. Appellate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court does not include —— appeals against writs
386. Appellate Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in appeal from High Court in regard to civil matters pertaining only to ——– Substantial question of law
387. Who has the power to enlarge the Jurisdiction of Supreme Court with respect to any matter contained under the Union List? —— Parliament
388. Which of the following statement refers to ‘Epistolary Jurisdiction’ of the Supreme Court? ——- Taking cognizance of the concerned matter through letter addressed to the Court
389. Who has the power to increase the number of Judges of the Supreme Court? —— Parliament
390. Ad hoc Judges can be appointed in the Supreme Court by the ——- Chief Justice of India with the prior consent of the President



391. Ad hoc Judges can be appointed to the Supreme Court ——- if requisite number of Judges are not available to hold the meeting of the Court
392. How many Judges of the Supreme Court have been removed from their Office before the expiry of their normal term through Impeachment? ——- none
393. Which of the following has been wrongly listed as criteria for appointment as a Judge of the Supreme Court? ————————-
394. Which conditions does not contribute to the independence of the Indian Judiciary? ——- Once appointed, the Judges cannot be removed from their Office before the date of retirement
395. Which of the following statements regarding Supreme Court of India is not correct? —— Acts as the protector of the Directive Principles of State Policy
396. Which of the following cases was connected with the Supreme Court’s judgment in 1980 that the Amendments made to Articles 31 (c) and 368 are invalid? —– Keshavananda Bharti Case
397. In which Case did the Supreme Court restore the primacy of Fundamental Rights over Directive Principles of State Policy? —— Minerva Mills Case



398. Any Act violating Article 13(2) of the Constitution shall be declared as Unconstitutional by —–Supreme Court
399. ‘Appeal by Special Leave’ means —– Supreme Court, granting in its discretion special permission to appeal from any judgment passed by any Court
400. The framers of Constitution borrowed the idea of Judicial Review from Constitution of —- USA
401. The framers of Constitution adopted the doctrine of Judicial Review —– to ensure proper working of the federal system of the government
402. It became imperative for the framers of the Indian Constitution to adopt the doctrine of Judicial Review because of —— Adoption of Federal system of Government
403. Which Amendment curtailed the Supreme Court/High Court’s power of Judicial Review? —- 42nd
404. The concept of ‘Judicial Activism’ gained currency in India in —– 1990s
405. Judicial Activism has led to increase in the powers of —– Judiciary
406. The concept of Judicial Review is borrowed from the Constitution of —— USA



407. In India, power of Judicial Review is restricted because —– Constitution is supreme
408. While imparting justice, the Supreme Court relies on the principle of — Procedure established by law
409. On which List does the Union Government enjoy exclusive powers? —– Union List
410. On which List do the States enjoy exclusive jurisdiction? —- State List
411. The subjects of National Importance were enumerated under —– Union List
412. Subjects like Defence and External Affairs are enumerated under —- List I
413. Subjects of Local Importance were enumerated under —— List II
414. The Constitution of India vests the Residuary powers in —— Union Government
415. Under the Constitution, Residuary Powers vested with the —– Union Government
416. In case of conflict between the Central and State laws on a subject in Concurrent List —– Law of the Center prevails



417. The concept of Concurrent List is borrowed from the Constitution of ——- Australia
418. At the time of accession to the Dominion, the States acceded only three subjects: —— Defence, Foreign Affairs and Communication
419. The Constitution of India has created —— very strong center
420. The Parliament can legislate on any subject in the state list ——- in all these cases
421. The Central Government can issue directions to the State with regard to the subjects in —- All these Lists
422. Which among the following subject is transferred from State List to Concurrent List by 42nd Constitutional Amendment? —– Education
423. A Law passed by the State Legislature on a Concurrent list gets precedence over the Central Law if —- It was approved for the President
424. Water disputes between the States shall be decided by—– A Body appointed by Parliament
425. A tax shall not be levied or collected except by the authority of the — Law



426. The main purpose to impose taxes is to —— Run the machinery of State
427. The Provisions regarding division of taxes between Union and State can be suspended —- During National Emergency
428. The procedure for amendment of the Indian Constitution is —— partly rigid and flexible
429. The Amendment procedure of the Constitution of India has been modeled on the Constitutional pattern of —– South Africa
430. Which Article of the Indian Constitution deals with the amendment procedure? —– 368
431. Which was the lengthiest Amendment to the Constitution? —– 42nd
432. Which Amendment affirmed the right of the Lok Sabha to amend any part of the Constitution? —- 24th
433. The 24th Amendment became necessary as a result of the Supreme Court judgment in —– Golak Nath Case
434. After a Bill is passed by the Parliament it is sent to the President for his assent, who can return it for reconsideration to Lok Sabha. But if the Bill is re-passed and sent to the President for his assent, he —– has to sign it



435. If Finance Minister fails to get Annual Budget passed in the Lok Sabha, the Prime Minister can —- submit resignation of his Cabinet
436. The Comptroller and Auditor General acts as the —- Guardian of public finances
437. The Comptroller and Auditor General is appointed by —— President
438. The Comptroller and Auditor General holds Office —– for a term of six years
439. The Comptroller and Auditor General can be removed from his Office before the expiry of his term by the ——President on the recommendation of the Parliament
440. The salary and allowances of the Comptroller and Auditor General are paid out of the ——- Consolidated Fund of India
441. The salary and allowances of the Comptroller and Auditor General —– are determined by the Parliament
442. The Constitution secures the independence of the Comptroller and Auditor General by —- (i) making the removal of CAG very difficult, (ii) providing that his salary and service conditions shall not be changed to his disadvantage & (iii) by giving the CAG complete control over his administrative staff



443. The Comptroller and Auditor General performs —— only audit functions
444. The Comptroller and Auditor General submits his annual report regarding the Center to the —President
445. The Office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India was created —– under the Constitution
446. The Comptroller and Auditor General is intimately connected with the following Committee of the Parliament? —- Public Accounts Committee
447. The Comptroller and Auditor General presents a detailed review of Union Accounts to the Union Finance Minister every —– twelve months
448. The Comptroller and Auditor General does not audit the accounts of —– Municipal Bodies
449. The Comptroller and Auditor General has to submit the Audit Report of the Central and State Governments before the —- President and Governor
450. Which one of the following is the most important item of expenditure of the Government of India on the revenue account? —— Interest payments
451. The Attorney General of India is the ——– Highest Legal Officer of Union Government



452. The Attorney General of India is appointed by the ——- President
453. The Attorney General of India holds Office ——- during the pleasure of the President
454. Which of the following duties / functions has been assigned to the Attorney General of India? —– to render legal advice to Central Government
455. Who of the following acts as the Chief Legal Advisor to the Government of India? —– Attorney General
456. If the Attorney General of India wishes to tender his resignation before the expiry of his term, he has to address his resignation to the —— President
457. Who has the right to participate in proceedings of the Parliament even though he is not a MP? —— Attorney General of India
458. The three types of Civil Services envisaged under the Constitution are —— All India Services, Central Services and State Services
459. Which one of the following is presided over by a Nonmember? —- Rajya Sabha
460. If the Rajya Sabha rejects a Money Bill, but follows —— The Lok Sabha can sent the same for Presidential assent



461. Which Article provides for the composition of Finance Commission? —— 280
462. The Finance Commission has a term of _____ years. ——- 5
463. The Finance Commission consists of _____ number of Members. —— 5
464. Who appoints the Finance Commission? —– President
465. The Report of Finance Commission shall be laid before the ——- President
466. Grants-in-aid of revenue to the state is recommended by —— Finance Commission
467. Who finally approves the draft of Five Year Plans? —– National Development Council
468. For those Union Territories without Legislative Councils of their own, laws are passed by the —– Parliament
469. The day-to-day administration of the Union Territory is looked after by the —— President
470. For Union Territories without legislative assemblies on their own, laws are passed by the ——- Parliament
471. Which one of the following is the 28th State of the Indian Union? —– Jharkhand



472. Which one of the following was a Union Territory before it was accorded the status of a full-fledged State?———
473. Which one of the following has been wrongly listed as a Union territory?———-
474. Who is the competent to prescribe conditions for acquisition of citizenship? —– Parliament
475. Which of the following is the Indian Constitution to Parliamentary procedures? ——- Adjournment Motion
476. What is the minimum duration in (years) of stay essential before a person can applyfor Indian citizenship? —– 5
477. Who has the power to increase the salary and allowances of the President of India? —– Parliament
478. One-third of the members of the Rajya Sabha retire every ______ year(s). ——- two
479. ‘Special majority’ means more than —— two-third % majority
480. ‘Special leave’ means ——- permission granted by the Supreme Court to appeal
481. ‘Respite’ means —– awarding lesser punishment
482. ‘Violate’ means —- commit breach of law



483. ‘Interpret’ means ——- ascertaining the meaning of a word
484. Which one of the following Commission has not been provided in the Constitution? —— Planning
485. The Planning Commission is a —– Executive Body
486. Which of the following Offices has not been provided in the Constitution? —— Deputy Prime Minister
487. Which Article of the Constitution provides protection to the Civil Servants? ——— 311
488. Who has the power to create All India Services? —— Parliament
489. Which Article of the Constitution authorizes the Parliament to create All India Services? ——- 312
490. Parliament under the Article 312 gets the power to create All India Services when —- Rajya Sabha passes a Resolution with two-thirds majority
491. Which Article of the Constitution provides for the composition of Public Service Commission? —- 315
492. The Members of Indian Administrative Services will be under the control of —— Ministry of Human Resources Development



493. The Members of Indian Police Services will be under the control of —- Home Minister
494. The Members of Indian Forest Services will be under the control of ——- Ministry of Environment and Forest
495. Immediate control of the members of All India Services lies with the —– State Government
496. The disciplinary actions against the members of All India Services lies with —– Central Government
497. Members of All India Services hold office during the pleasure of the ——- President
498. Which of the following All India Services contain in the Constitution? —– (i) All India Judicial Services, (ii) Indian Forest Services & (iii) Indian Administrative Services
499. Which of the body which recruits persons to All India Services? —– Union Public Service Commission
500. Chairman and Members of UPSC / WBPSCC shall hold Office for a term of __ years and tenure of __ years. —— 6/6 and 65/62
501. In the removal of which of the following officials does the Parliament play no role? —— Chairman of the Union Public Service Commission



502. Chairman and Members of UPSC / WBPSCC may resign their Office by submitting their resignation to the (OR) Chairman and Members of UPSC / WBPSCC can be removed on ground of proved misbehavior by the ——President / Governor
503. Salaries and Pension of the Chairman and Members of UPSC shall be charged from the —– Consolidated Fund
504. UPSC / WBPSCC has to submit an Annual Report to the —– Parliament / Governor
505. Who enjoys the Rank of a Cabinet Minister of Indian Union? —— Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission
506. Planning Commission was composed in the year —– 1950
507. Who heads the National Integration Council? ——PM
508. Recognition of States was done in the year 1956 on the ground of _____ basis. ——- Linguistic
509. Which is the first State in India formed on Linguistic grounds? —– Andhra Pradesh
510. Which Part of the Constitution incorporates Special provisions to the State of Jammu & Kashmir? —- XXI
511. The Provisions with regard to the Union Territories are incorporated under the Constitution by way of ____ Constitution Amendment Act. —– 7th



512. Every Union Territory shall be administered by the —- President
513. The Union Territory does not have —— Recognized Official language
514. Who has power to create Legislature or Council of Ministers or both for certain Union Territory (Pondicherry)? —– Parliament
515. Under Indian Constitution, the Union Territory of Delhi is referred as —- National Capital Territory
516. When did Delhi became Union Territory? ———- 1956
517. The Administrator appointed under the Article 239 to the Union Territory of Delhi is called —–Lieutenant Governor
518. Which of the following Union Territory shall have Legislative Assembly? —– Delhi
519. Legislative Assembly of Delhi shall have power to make laws for the whole of National Capital Territory with respect to the matter contained in ——- Both List II and III
520. The Chief Minister of Delhi shall be appointed by the ——- Lieutenant Governor
521. The Council of Ministers of Delhi shall hold Office during the pleasure of —— Prime Minister



522. The Council of Ministers of Delhi shall be collectively responsible to —- Legislative Assembly of Delhi
523. The Emergency provision for National Capital Territory of Delhi is enshrined under the Article —- 239A
524. Who has the power to constitute a High Court to the Union Territory? —– Parliament
525. Before 1956, the present day Union Territory were characterized as —– Part C States
526. Parliament has delegated some legislative powers in relation to the Union Territory to —– Union Government
527. The aid and advice rendered by the Council of Ministers to the Administrator of the Union Territory is ——-Discretionary
528. Who is authorized to appoint the Chief Minister of Delhi? —– Lieutenant Governor
529. In 1954, Government of India introduced decorations (in form of the medals) Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan, and Padma Sri Awards under the Article ————- 18
530. In 1996, the Supreme Court upheld the validity of the Civilians Awards, but recommended that the total awards to be given each year in all categories should be restricted to ——— 50
531. Indian Constitution was inaugurated on —— 26.01.1950



532. The Chairman of Rajya Sabha is ——- Elected by the two Houses of Parliament
533. Which one of the Constitutional posts is enjoyed for a fixed term? —– President
534. Which of the following is not a prescribed qualification to become President of India? —— Should be a Graduate
535. Which is the highest Court of Justice of India? ———- Supreme Court
536. The President of India is similar to ———- Queen of England
537. President declares emergencies ——- On the advice of the Council of Ministers
538. The President can return a Bill for reconsideration by the Parliament for _____ time(s). —— One
539. Who was the President of India at Proclamation of Emergency in the year 1976? ——- Fakhruddin Ali Ahmad
540. Who was the Defence Minister of India during the IndoChina War of 1962? —— V. K. Krishna Menon
541. Which portfolio was held by Dr. Rajendra Prasad in Interim Government formed in the year 1946? ———- Food and Agriculture



542. Which system of Government, in which the ‘Real Executive’ is absolutely dependent upon the wishes of the Legislatures? ———- Parliamentary
543. In India, a tax on agricultural incomes can be levied by ——– Only the State Governments
544. Which one of the following is not among the sources of revenue for the Union? ——— Land revenue
545. Under which Articles, the Supreme Court has been given the powers to review any judgment pronounced or order made it previously? ———- 137
546. The office of the Lokpal and Lokayuktha in India is based on one of the following? ——– Ombudsman in Scandinavia
547. The constituents of Indian Parliament, as mentioned in the Constitution are the ——– President, Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
548. The name of Laccadive, Minicoy and Amindivi Islands was changed to Lakshadweep by an Act of Parliament in ——- 1973
549. The full status of ‘State’ was conferred upon the Union Territories of Manipur and Tripura in —– 1972
550. Which one of the following States / Union Territories of the country has more than 50% tribal population of the total population? ——- Dadra and Nagar Haveli



551. The Residuary Powers (i.e. those relating to subjects not mentioned in any of the three lists included in the VII Schedule) are, according to our Constitution, vested in the —– Union Parliament
552. The Secretary-General of Lok Sabha, who is the Chief of its Secretariat, is —— Appointed by the Speaker
553. Which Commission was set up in pursuance of a definite provision under the Article of the Indian Constitution? —— Election
554. Which one of the following is not a type of relationship specified by the Constitution of India between Center and States? —— Judicial
555. Which one of the following is not a constitutionally mandated body? —— Center-State relations
556. Who was the first Chairman of the Planning Commission? —- Jawaharlal Nehru
557. Who among the following enjoy the rank of a Cabinet Minister? ——- (i) Deputy Chairman of Planning Commission, (ii) Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha & (iii) Speaker of Lok Sabha
558. Which is the constitutional authority that has been made responsible for constituting the Finance Commission periodically? ——- President of India



559. The Finance Commission is normally expected to be constituted after every ____ years. —— Five
560. Which is true for the Finance Commission? —— It is constituted under the Article 280 of the Constitution
561. Who among the following was the Chairman of the Committee on Pricing and Taxation
of Petroleum products? ——- Dr. C. Rangarajan
562. Who among the following was the Head of the Investment Commission which submitted its Report to the Government of India recently (2007)? ——– Ratan Tata
563. Who was the Chief Justice of India when Public Interest Litigation was introduced to the Indian Judicial system? ——— P. N. Bhagwati
564. The concept of Public Interest Litigation has strengthened ——— Rule of Law
565. Public Interest Litigation means ———– Petitions by any conscious person or organization on behalf of an aggrieved person or group for reasons of interest of the public
566. In India, National Income is estimated by ——- Central Statistical Organization



567. As per Article 100 (3), the quorum to constitute a meeting of either House of Parliament is —– One-tenth of the total number of members of that House
568. The ‘Rule of Law’ means —— That no person can be punished unless his guilt is established by a fair trial
569. The term ‘Law’ used in the expression ‘Rule of Law’ refers to —— Positive Law
570. The draft of the Indian Penal Code was prepared by _____ Indian Law Commission. ——- First
571. In a particular case, the advice tendered by the Council of Ministers is sent back by the President for reconsideration. If the Council of Ministers adhere to their earlier advice, the President ——— Has no option but to accept such advice
572. In which of the following situations can the President promulgate the Ordinance? ——- Parliament is not in session
573. The gap (period) between two sessions of the Lok Sabha is termed as —— Prorogation
574. Both the Union and the States derive their authority from the Constitution of India which divides, as between them, all of the following powers, except ——— Judicial



575. Which of the following Schedules in the Constitution divides the legislative powers between the Union and the States? ——— VII
576. The powers to legislate with respect to any matter not enumerated in any of the three Lists are mentioned as Residuary Powers. Which of the following is empowered to determine finally as to whether or not a particular matters falls in this category? ——- Judiciary only
577. The vesting of Residuary Powers under our Constitution in the Union, instead of the State Legislatures, follows the precedent of the __________ Constitution. —— Canadian
578. When two Houses of Parliament differ regarding a Bill, then the deadlock is resolved by ——— A Joint Sitting of the two Houses
579. ‘Closure’ in Parliamentary terminology means ——– A rule of legislative procedure under which further debate on a motion can be stopped
580. Which one of the following statements is not correct? ——— The proposal for amending the Constitution can only be initiated in Lok Sabha
581. In which of the following cases is a joint session of the two Houses of Parliament not necessary? ——- A Bill to amend the Constitution



582. Which of the following is not a tool of legislative control over administration in India? —- Dissolution of House
583. The Secretary General of the Lok Sabha is the Chief of its Secretariat and is —— Appointed by the Speaker
584. Main Standing Committee of Lok Sabha is / are —– Public Accounts, Public Understanding, Estimate
585. To whom does the Public Accounts Committee submits its report? —– Speaker of Lok Sabha
586. The work of General Purpose Committee is to advice the ——- Speaker
587. Which one of the following is not a Parliamentary Committee? —- Demands for Grants Committee
588. Which of the following Committees are sometimes described as ‘Twin Sisters’? —– Public Account and Estimate Committees
589. To which of the following Bills the President must accord his sanction without sending it back for fresh consideration? —- Money Bill
590. All of the following statements in regard to Money Bills are incorrect, except —— A Money Bill can only be introduced in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha has no power to make a change in it against the will of Lok Sabha



591. 14 days notice is necessary for moving a —– Resolution of impeaching the President
592. In the Union Budget in India, which Expenditure is the largest in amount? —– Non-Plan
593. The 11th Five-Year Plan has been named as ——— Towards Infrastructural and Agricultural Growth
594. On which of the following subjects does the power to legislate vest both in the Union as well as the State legislatures? —– Acquisition and requisitioning of property
595. The President is empowered to establish an Inter-State Council if at any time it appears to him that the public interests would be served thereby. Which of the following has not so been set up? —- Inter-State Commerce Council
596. The Council of Ministers in India remains in their Office till it enjoys the support of —— Majority of the Members of Lok Sabha
597. The Council of Ministers is —— Larger than Cabinet
598. The resolution for removing the Vice President of India can be moved in the —— Rajya Sabha alone
599. Anti-Defection Act relating to disqualification of Members of Parliament and State Legislatures does not covers ——- Chairman of Rajya Sabha



600. Which statement is not correct? —— The Supreme Court of India has to look into all disputes with regard to the election of Vice President of India
601. Which one of the following Amendments to the Constitution clearly has laid down that the President of India is bound to accept the advice given by the Council of Ministers? —- 42nd
602. Which one of the following statements is not correct? —— North-East India accounts for a little over half of the country’s tribal population
603. Under which Ministry of the Government of India does the Food and Nutrition Board work? ——- Ministry of Human Resource Development
604. The Archaeological Survey of India is an attached office of the Department / Ministry of —– Culture
605. Survey of India is under the Ministry of —– Science and Technology
606. Which one of the following is not a Department in Ministry of Human Resources Development? ——–Technical Education and Literacy
607. Which one of the following Articles of the Constitution of India says that the executive power of every State shall be so



exercised as not to impeded or prejudice the exercise of the executive power of the Union? ——– 257
608. Under which Article of the Indian Constitution did the President give his assent to the ordinance on electoral reforms when it was sent back to him by the Union Cabinet without making any changes (in the year 2002)? —– 123
609. Which one of the following statements is correct? —— There is no constitutional bar for a nominated member to be appointed as a Union Minister
610. The power to enlarge the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India with respect to any matter included in the Union List of Legislative Powers rests with —– Parliament
611. Under which Article of the Indian Constitution did the President make a reference to the Supreme Court to seek the Court’s opinion on the Constitutional validity of the Election Commission’s decision on deferring the Gujarat Assembly elections (in the year 2002)? ——- 143
612. Which one of the following statements is not correct? ——Among all the States of India, Maharashtra publishes the largest number of newspapers
613. With reference to the Indian Polity, which one of the following statements is correct? —– President can make the



ordinance only when either of the two Houses of Parliament is not in session
614. The Consultative Committee of the Members of Parliament for Railway Zones is constituted by ——- Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs
615. The Supreme Court of India tenders advice to the President of India on the matter of law or fact —— Only if he seeks such advice
616. Which is correct under the hierarchy of Courts? —— Supreme Court, High Courts, Other Courts
617. ‘Judicial Activism’ refers to —— Expansion of jurisdiction of courts
618. Which one of the following duty is not performed by the Comptroller and Auditor General of India? —— To control the receipt and issue of public money, and to ensure that the public revenue is lodged in the exchequer
619. If a new State of Indian Union is to be created, which Schedule of Constitution must be amended? ——- First
620. Which subject is under the Union List in the 7th Schedule of the Constitution of India? —— Regulation of labor



621. The Speaker can ask a member of the House to stop speaking and let another member speak. This phenomenon is known as —– Yielding the floor
622. The sovereign power under the Indian Constitution rests with the —— Parliament
623. Parliament is an instrument of _____ Justice. ——— Legal
624. Under which Article of the Constitution does the Central Government gives Plan
assistance to the State Government? ———- 275
625. Which one of the following is the correct sequence of Union Territories of India in the increasing order of their area? ——— Lakshadweep – Chandigarh – Pondicherry – Andaman and Nicobar Islands
626. What is Value Added Tax? —– A simple, transparent, easy to pay tax imposed on the consumers
627. The VAT adopted by 21 States replaced which of the following taxes? ——– State Sales Tax
628. Which one of the following is not a Central Government Tax? ———– Land Tax
629. Who is the President of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research? ——- Prime Minister



630. Consider the following statements: (i) The Rajya Sabha alone has the power to declare that it would be in national interest for the Parliament to legislate with respect to a matter in the State List.
631. Under the Constitution, which of the following functionaries can be suspended? —— Members of Public Service Commission
632. In India, present trend of rapid urbanization is due to —– Lack of employment opportunities in rural areas
633. Under the Indian Parliamentary practices, normally how many sessions take place? ———- 3
634. The Contingency Fund of India rests at the disposal of the ———- President
635. Which is not a characteristic of economically under developed countries? —– High proportion of labor in secondary activity
636. Who declares war and concludes peace? ———- President, in the advice of the Cabinet